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; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
It is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011.
Following his defeat, almost the whole of the Deccan came under British suzerainty, and was incorporated into the Bombay Presidency.
The success of the British campaign in the Deccan marked the end of all attacks by native powers.
Between the second century BCE and ninth century CE, the islands came under the control of successive indigenous dynasties: Satavahanas, Western Satraps, Abhira, Vakataka, Kalachuris, Konkan Mauryas, Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas, The Delhi Sultanate annexed the islands in 1347–48 and controlled it until 1407.
Pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited since the South Asian Stone Age.Michael's Church at Mahim (1534), The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort.The English were in constant struggle with the Portuguese vying for hegemony over Bombay, as they recognised its strategic natural harbour and its natural isolation from land-attacks.The islands were leased to several Portuguese officers during their regime.The Portuguese Franciscans and Jesuits built several churches in the city, prominent being the St.
As the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the city witnessed the Indian independence movement, with the Quit India Movement in 1942 and The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny in 1946 being its most notable events.